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Location Description The enclosure is in Buck W d, which can be located in order to the north regarding the town of Thackley, to the east for the River Aire. It can be accessed down Ainsbury Avenue.
The monument has a prehistoric enclosure, five earth-fast gritstone stones carved into the cup-and-ring tradition, plus an orthostat wall surface.
Grounds for Designation
The prehistoric enclosure, carved rocks and orthostat wall, Buck W d are scheduled for the following major reasons * Rarity this prehistoric monument is a very uncommon success in just a reasonably low lying and urbanised area, complementing the success of more upland prehistoric web sites surviving across western YorkshireвЂ™s m rlands; * Diversity/Period the monument includes a wide range of features ranging from Bronze Age stone art through to remains of late prehistoric occupation; * Survival/Potential tiny scale sample excavation has demonstrated the success of prehistoric structural keeps and also the positive archaeological potential for the monument.
Buck W d is situated regarding the flank that is north-western of spur of land that jobs out to make a promontory, in just a l p associated with River Aire. Map pr f indicates that the dimensions and model of the timber has changed small for almost 200 years and it is possible that this pattern could be of dramatically greater antiquity. Having less cultivation has preserved prehistoric archaeological features, interpreted as dating from the Bronze and Iron Ages, with feasible continued career to the Roman period; these features consist of an oval prehistoric enclosure, gritstone stones carved into the cup-and-ring tradition, and a series of land boundaries, including walling that is orthostatic. The date of the monument is unclear; the ovoid plan of the enclosure was interpreted to be Bronze Age and archaeological discovers have actually included a flint, a belated Iron Age/early Roman duration bee-hive quern, a much copper that is corroded, and many pot boiler rocks, suggesting a potentially long period of occupancy.
Prehistoric stone carving is found on rock mytranssexualdate reviews outcrops in many elements of upland Britain with a few associated with the densest concentrations on Rombalds M r, Ilkley M r, and Baildon M r, regarding the side that is opposite of River Aire, to your north-west of Buck W d. Its considered that the features based in the w d had been element of this broader prehistoric landscape. Nine cup-carved stones have actually been identified by fieldwork in the lumber. The most typical as a type of design is the ‘cup and band’ mark in which expanses of tiny cup-like hollows, that might be surrounded by several ‘rings’, are pecked into the surface regarding the rock. Other shapes and patterns, including some dominated by gr ves or lines, may also be known. Carvings may occur singly or in little groups, or may cover extensive aspects of rock surface. They truly are thought to date to the Neolithic that is late and Age periods (c2800-500 BC) and offer certainly one of our most significant insights into prehistoric ‘art’. The meaning that is exact of designs continues to be unknown, but they are interpreted as sacred or spiritual symbols. Frequently they truly are found close to burial that is contemporary, and enclosures.
The establishment of Buck Mill regarding the banking institutions of the River Aire towards the final end associated with C16, increased the amount of songs through the timber, and these continued being used before the late C19. The exploitation of the lumber and resources within it has already established a direct effect in the landscape, evidenced by tiny quarries, tracks, and a possible waggonway. In 1908, the Thackley Open Air class was built on the southern edge of Buck W d, near the site associated with prehistoric enclosure. The Friends of Buck W d undert k an archaeological excavation regarding the ovoid prehistoric enclosure in 2009 with capital from HLF, included in the вЂA breathing of Fresh AireвЂ™ archaeological project. A total of eleven trenches had been opened on the webpage for the enclosure, four across the enclosure bank, six in the main part of the function and something throughout the orthostat wall. Buck W d is just a amenity that is public maintained by the Friends of Buck W d.
Principal elements Upstanding earthworks and associated buried deposits of the enclosure that is prehistoric an orthostatic wall surface, and a team of carved stones.
Prehistoric Enclosure The enclosure is found in w dland (2016); it occupies a terrace that is natural to your crest regarding the valley side, dealing with south-west and was considered to be domestic in nature. It takes the form of an approximately north-west to south-east aligned egg-shaped, calculating 82m along the long axis and 78m across the axis that is short. The enclosure is bounded by a rampart that is single a maximum height of 0.5m and a spread width of between 3m and 5m. Excavation last year revealed that the rampart contains a 2.2m wall that is wide designed with an external and inner face of very carefully set dry-stone sandstone slabs, by having a loaded main infill of sandstone rubble. Possibly as a result of collapse, the rampart on the north-western side of this enclosure ended up being integrated two phases; the earlier period was accumulated from the f t of the slope, whereas, the phase that is later the crest for the slope and incorporated part of the earlier in the day stage in its construction. Aside from a boulder that is earth-fast much of the eastern side for the rampart is robbed, possibly to produce rock for the construction for near-by contemporary dry-stone walls.
The interior of this enclosure is relatively flat apart from a raised ovoid platform demarcated with a buried low rubble wall surface. The platform provides the collapsed remains of two or even more closely sited circular or crescent shaped features. Excavation showed that the circular features had dry-laid rock walls that survive up to 0.55m in height. Among the platforms includes a stone slab fl r with stone walls, which included a re-used gritstone rock with glass and gr ve marking on its top area (Ilkley Archaeology Group (IAG) reference 10a, NGR – SE 17442 39101). Chances are that further traces of contemporary structures, pits and associated remains will survive here in the form of below ground archaeological features that have not been investigated or excavated.